Multivariate Cryptosystems for Secure Processing of Multidimensional Signals

Alberto Pedrouzo-Ulloa, Juan Ramon Troncoso-Pastoriza, Fernando Perez-Gonzalez (UVIGO)

Multidimensional signals like 2-D and 3-D images or videos are inherently sensitive signals which require privacy-preserving solutions when processed in untrustworthy environments, but their efficient encrypted processing is particularly challenging due to their structure, dimensionality and size. This work introduces a new cryptographic hard problem denoted m-RLWE (multivariate Ring Learning with Errors) which generalizes RLWE, and proposes several relinearization-based techniques to efficiently convert signals with different structures and dimensionalities.

The proposed hard problem and the developed techniques give support to lattice cryptosystems that enable encrypted processing of multidimensional signals and efficient conversion between different structures. We show an example cryptosystem and prove that it outperforms its RLWE counterpart in terms of security against basis-reduction attacks, efficiency and cipher expansion for encrypted image processing, and we exemplify some of the proposed transformation techniques in critical and ubiquitous block-based processing applications.